Molecular biology is a branch of biology that studies living beings at the level of the molecular mechanisms underlying their physiology, focusing in particular on the interactions between macromolecules, i.e. proteins and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).
Molecular biology uses techniques that allow the detection, analysis, manipulation, amplification (PCR) and copying (cloning) of nucleic acids, thus allowing to diagnose
l he presence of infectious agents and mutations in genes associated with pathological conditions.
List of Molecular Genetics analyzes
Y chromosome microdeletion (AZF)
Sperm DNA fragmentation test (TUNEL test)
Cystic Fibrosis (panel 76 mutations)
Search for the Sry gene
Thrombophilia Panel: search for specific mutations for MTHFR, Fatt V of Leiden, Protombrina 20210A.
List of Molecular Infectivology analyzes
During pregnancy, some maternal viral infections can be transmitted to the fetus and in a number, fortunately a minimum of cases, cause pathological effects in the unborn child.
The research of the infectious agent on cells and amniotic fluid with molecular technique (PCR) allows to evaluate its transmission to the fetus.
The prenatal infectious disease analyzes:
Research Toxoplasma Gondii
Search Rubella Virus
Parvovirus B19 research
Search Epstein Bar Virus
Herpes simplex virus research
Research Hepatitis C virus
The recognition of paternity is now possible with absolute certainty through comparative analysis of characteristic DNA sequences between the child and the presumed father.
Paternity is 100% excluded in the case of genetic discrepancy and attributed in the case of absolute compatibility.
The test can be performed on: blood, mouth swab, hair.